study on Budget Transparency
for Child nutrition

In order to track whether we are making progress in reducing child mortality, citizens and child rights monitors need access to information from their governments.

The BTCN study set out to establish the degree of budget transparency in five African countries in relation to one critical issue related to child mortality: child nutrition. It was carried out over 14 months in 2012 and 2013 together with partners in the participating countries. Read more about the study below and click here to read about it on the International Budget Partnership's website.

A questionnaire on Budget Transparency and Child Nutrition was developed and used to conduct the research in Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. It contained 34 questions asking after the public availability of different types of information pertaining to budgeting for child nutrition.

The questionnaire also had 11 questions about public participation in the government's decision-making about child nutrition. The research was applied to the national level and the sub-national level in each country. 

The research resulted in a number of general (cross-country) and country specific findings. The following are four of the general findings:

1) The level of budget transparency in relation to child nutrition was found to be inadequate across the five countries.

2) Citizens who want to know what their governments are doing to combat child malnutrition have a much better chance of reading about intentions and plans, than to track what happens in practice.

3) Generally speaking, the level of access to expenditure information about child nutrition interventions was very poor.

4) The lowest scoring section in the questionnaire was the one concerned with public participation in governments' child nutrition decisions.

Follow the links on the right to find out more about the study, its findings and recommendations for action.


btcn partners

These were our partners in the BTCN study:

International Budget Partnership (IBP)
Child Rights Governance Global Initiative (CRGI) of
Save the Children
Children's Legal Action Network (CLAN) in Kenya
Public Service Accountability Monitor (PSAM) in South Africa
Uganda Debt Network (UDN)

University of Zambia, Department of Economics

Zambia Civic Education Association (ZCEA)
National Association of Non-Governmental Organisations (NANGO) in Zimbabwe

Contributions to the methodology of the study were also made by Dr. Judith Gomersall Streak of the University of Adelaide.

Ten peer reviewers (two per country) scrutinised and commented on the BTCN questionnaire findings. They need to remain anonymous.

BTCN Materials

btcn report

Click here to access the report containing findings and recommendations.

Report on Budget Transparency and Children's Rights Report on Budget Transparency and Children's Rights


btcn questionnaire
Click here to access a blank version of the questionnaire (MS Word document). See the completed questionnaires below.

Questionnaire FINAL BTCN Questionniare - Blank

Completed btcn questionnaires

These documents contain all the BTCN instructions and questions, as well as the researchers' answers, peer review comments, and AT4HR responses. Click below to access each country's completed questionniare.

- Kenya
- Uganda
- South Africa
- Zambia
- Zimbabwe